FOCUS Personal Training Institute

THEORY AND APPLICATION (300 hours)

Business of Personal Training

  • Industry Overview
  • Trainer’s Scope of Practice
  • Qualities of Successful Personal Trainers
  • Career Options
    - Commercial Gyms
    - Boutique Gyms
    - Independent Training
  • Getting Hired
    - Resume, Cover Letters and Interviewing
    - Employer Networking Opportunities

Kinesiology

  • Planes of Motion
  • Joint Actions
  • Scapulohumeral Rhythm
  • Lumbopelvic Rhythm
  • Joint Actions of Upper Body Exercises
  • Joint Actions of Lower Body Exercises
  • Joint Actions of Trunk Exercises

Anatomy of Movement

  • Anatomical Reference Terminology
  • Skeletal Anatomy
  • Joints of Movement
    - Upper and Lower Body
    - Spine
  • Muscular Anatomy of Movement
    - Upper and Lower Body
    - Spine

Biomechanics

  • Defining the Human Body’s Work
    - Force
    - Power
    - Torque
  • Lever Systems
  • Muscular Consideration for Force Production
    - Length-Tension Relationships
    - Muscular Architecture
    - Force-Velocity Relationships
  • Biomechanical Analysis of Exercises

Functional Anatomy

  • Application of Biomechanics to Anatomy
  • Upper and Lower Body Musculature
  • Trunk Musculature
  • Exercise Analysis

Health Behavior Change

  • Mental Aspects of Exercise
  • Communication Skills
    - Coaching and Cueing Exercises
    - Motivation Techniques
  • Goal Setting
  • Preparing for a Client Interview
  • Creating a Client Program

Special Populations and Injury

  • Common Musculoskeletal Injuries
  • Chronic Diseases and Injury Guidelines
  • Special Populations Overview
    - Pre-Post Natal, Youth and Seniors

Exercise Physiology

  • Muscle Structure and Contraction
  • Motor Unit Recruitment
  • Cardiorespiratory System
  • Chronic and Acute Exercise Response

Mobility

  • Warm-ups
  • Introduction to Self-Myofascial Release (SMR)
  • Flexibility and Partner Stretching
    - Elasticity and Plasticity
    - Benefits of Stretching

Client Intake and Assessment

  • Paperwork and Pre-Screening
  • Risk Stratification
  • How to Select the Appropriate Assessments
  • Resting and Active Heart Rate Measurement
  • Calculating Target Heart Rate
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiorespiratory Assessments
  • Circumference Measurements
  • Bodyfat Measurements
  • Muscular Fitness Testing
  • Movement Screening
    - ­Postural
    - Passive ROM
    - ­Dynamic

Nutrition and Human Energy Production

  • Macronutrient Structure and Purpose
    - Carbohydrates
    - Protein
    - Fat
  • Micronutrients and Supplementation
  • Energy Balance and Weight Loss
  • Bioenergetics
    - Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Energy Systems
    - Training for Performance
  • Calorie Requirements
    - Calculating Caloric Expenditure
    - Calculating Caloric Needs
    - Nutrition Planning for Performance

Program Design

  • Periodizing Exercise Programs
  • Designing Effective Exercise Programs
    - Choosing Appropriate Volume
    - Choosing Appropriate Intensity
  • Designing Effective Warm-Ups
  • Cardiorespiratory Program Design
  • Training the Muscular System
  • Training for Flexibility And Balance
  • Case Studies

Exercise Selection and Technique

  • Exercise Equipment Overview
  • Exercise Technique
    - Upper Body Exercises
    - Lower Body Exercises
    - Trunk Exercises
  • Making Exercise Modifications
    - Upper Body Exercises
    - Lower Body Exercises
    - Trunk Exercises
  • Analyzing and Creating Compound Exercises
  • Creating a Dynamic Warm-up
  • Self Myofascial Release Techniques
  • Flexibility Techniques
  • Training with Plyometrics
  • Agility Training
  • Comparing Training Intensities
  • Target Heart Rate Training

ADVANCED CONCEPTS IN PERSONAL TRAINING (300 hours)

Business Development

  • Starting a Fitness Business
    - General Planning
    - Setting the Operational Foundation
    - Service Offerings and Pricing
    - Sales Strategies
    - Case Studies
  • Expanding and Retaining a Client Base
    - Marketing Overview
    - External and Internal Business Generation
    - Retention and Customer Service

Psychology and Behavior Change in Exercise Programming

  • Effects of Exercise on the Brain
    - Biological
    - Psychological
  • Behavioral Principles
    - Factors Influencing Exercise Participation
    - Client Communication
    - Behavioral Change Models
  • Case Studies
    - Real-World Application of Behavior Change Theory

Fitness Classes and Fads

  • Semi-Private and Small Group Training
    - Benefits
    - Drawbacks and Risks
    - Skillsets
    - Programming Considerations
  • Popular Group Fitness Formats
  • Methods of Instruction

Special Populations

  • Pre/Post Natal
    - Changes During Pregnancy
    - ACOG Guidelines
    - Program Considerations and Exercise Modifications
  • Youth
    - Pre-Adolescence Changes and Concerns
    - Risks and Myths
    - Program Considerations
  • Older Adults
    - Changes that Occur with Age
    - Programming for Older Adults
  • Benefits of Exercise for Special Populations

Chronic Diseases and Exercise

  • Application of Biomechanics to Anatomy
    - Neurological Disorders
    - Multiple Sclerosis
    - Parkinson’s Disease
    - Stroke
  • Cardiovascular Disease
    - Heart Disease Risk Factors
    - Medications and Effects on Exercise
    - Congestive Heart Failure
    - Hypertension
  • Pulmonary Disease
    - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
    - Restrictive Lung Disease
  • Metabolic Disorders
    - Diabetes Type I and Type II
    - Metabolic Syndrome
  • Autoimmune Diseases
    - Rheumatoid Arthritis
    - Fibromyalgia
  • Exercise Assessment, Prescription and Considerations for Chronic Diseases

Research in Exercise Science

  • Hierarchy of Knowledge and Research
  • How to Read Exercise Science Research
  • Pitfalls of Research
  • Recent Research Review
    - Review of Studies
    - Analysis of Methods, Procedures and Design

Advanced Anatomy and Injuries

  • Defining Scope of Practice
  • Medical Communication
  • Post-Rehab Essentials
  • Obtaining Post-Rehab Clientele
  • Musculoskeletal Screening
  • Spine
    - ­Spinal Anatomy and Biomechanics
  • Lower Body
    - ­Hip, Knee and Ankle Anatomy and Biomechanics
  • Upper Body
    - ­Shoulder, Elbow and Wrist Anatomy and Biomechanics
  • Upper and Lower Body Injuries and Program Considerations
  • Conditions, Injury Mechanisms, Indications and Contraindications
  • Case Studies

Advanced Mobility Training

  • Flexibility
    - Flexibility vs Mobility
  • Types of Stretching
    - Active
    - Passive
    - Static
    - Dynamic
    - PNF
    - Ballistic
  • Implementation of Stretching
  • Components of Mobility
  • ROM Assessments
    - Clinical
    - Functional
  • Self-Myofascial Release
    - Definitions
    - Tools for SMR
    - Implementation of SMR

Advanced Training Methods and Modalities

  • Kettlebells
  • Plyometrics
  • Speed, Agility and Quickness (SAQ)
  • Resistance Bands, Chains and Cables
  • Bodybuilding and Physique Training
  • Boxing and Kickboxing
  • Strength Training: Advanced Analysis and Coaching
  • Olympic Weightlifting
  • Programming for Advanced Training Methods and Modalities
    - Advanced Training Methods Foundational Exercises, Techniques and Coaching Cues
    - Complexes and Finishers

CPR Training and Certification

  • AED Training
  • Hands-on Lifesaving CPR Training
  • CPR Certification

Personal Trainer Certification Exam Preparation

  • ACE, NASM, NSCA and ACSM Exam Content Review and Exam Preparation

Entry Prerequisites

To enter this course, you must meet the requirements listed on our admissions page.

Primary Textbooks

  • NASM Essentials of Exercise Science by the National Academy of Sports Medicine, Current Edition.
  • ACE’s Guide to Exercise Testing and Program Design: A Fitness Professional’s Handbook by the American Council on Exercise, Current Edition.