FOCUS Personal Training Institute

THEORY AND APPLICATION (300 hours)

Business of Personal Training

  • Industry Overview
  • Trainer’s Scope of Practice
  • Qualities of Successful Personal Trainers
  • Career Options
    - Commercial Gyms
    - Boutique Gyms
    - Independent Training
  • Getting Hired
    - Resume, Cover Letters and Interviewing
    - Employer Networking Opportunities

Kinesiology

  • Planes of Motion
  • Joint Actions
  • Scapulohumeral Rhythm
  • Lumbopelvic Rhythm
  • Joint Actions of Upper Body Exercises
  • Joint Actions of Lower Body Exercises
  • Joint Actions of Trunk Exercises

Anatomy of Movement

  • Anatomical Reference Terminology
  • Skeletal Anatomy
  • Joints of Movement
    - Upper and Lower Body
    - Spine
  • Muscular Anatomy of Movement
    - Upper and Lower Body
    - Spine

Biomechanics

  • Defining the Human Body’s Work
    - Force
    - Power
    - Torque
  • Lever Systems
  • Muscular Consideration for Force Production
    - Length-Tension Relationships
    - Muscular Architecture
    - Force-Velocity Relationships
  • Biomechanical Analysis of Exercises

Functional Anatomy

  • Application of Biomechanics to Anatomy
  • Upper and Lower Body Musculature
  • Trunk Musculature
  • Exercise Analysis

Health Behavior Change

  • Mental Aspects of Exercise
  • Communication Skills
    - Coaching and Cueing Exercises
    - Motivation Techniques
  • Goal Setting
  • Preparing for a Client Interview
  • Creating a Client Program

Special Populations and Injury

  • Common Musculoskeletal Injuries
  • Chronic Diseases and Injury Guidelines
  • Special Populations Overview
    - Pre-Post Natal, Youth and Seniors

Exercise Physiology

  • Muscle Structure and Contraction
  • Motor Unit Recruitment
  • Cardiorespiratory System
  • Chronic and Acute Exercise Response

Mobility

  • Warm-ups
  • Introduction to Self-Myofascial Release (SMR)
  • Flexibility and Partner Stretching
    - Elasticity and Plasticity
    - Benefits of Stretching

Client Intake and Assessment

  • Paperwork and Pre-Screening
  • Risk Stratification
  • How to Select the Appropriate Assessments
  • Resting and Active Heart Rate Measurement
  • Calculating Target Heart Rate
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiorespiratory Assessments
  • Circumference Measurements
  • Bodyfat Measurements
  • Muscular Fitness Testing
  • Movement Screening
    - ­Postural
    - Passive ROM
    - ­Dynamic

Nutrition and Human Energy Production

  • Macronutrient Structure and Purpose
    - Carbohydrates
    - Protein
    - Fat
  • Micronutrients and Supplementation
  • Energy Balance and Weight Loss
  • Bioenergetics
    - Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Energy Systems
    - Training for Performance
  • Calorie Requirements
    - Calculating Caloric Expenditure
    - Calculating Caloric Needs
    - Nutrition Planning for Performance

Program Design

  • Periodizing Exercise Programs
  • Designing Effective Exercise Programs
    - Choosing Appropriate Volume
    - Choosing Appropriate Intensity
  • Designing Effective Warm-Ups
  • Cardiorespiratory Program Design
  • Training the Muscular System
  • Training for Flexibility And Balance
  • Case Studies

Exercise Selection and Technique

  • Exercise Equipment Overview
  • Exercise Technique
    - Upper Body Exercises
    - Lower Body Exercises
    - Trunk Exercises
  • Making Exercise Modifications
    - Upper Body Exercises
    - Lower Body Exercises
    - Trunk Exercises
  • Analyzing and Creating Compound Exercises
  • Creating a Dynamic Warm-up
  • Self Myofascial Release Techniques
  • Flexibility Techniques
  • Training with Plyometrics
  • Agility Training
  • Comparing Training Intensities
  • Target Heart Rate Training

ADVANCED CONCEPTS IN PERSONAL TRAINING (300 hours)

Business Development

  • Starting a Fitness Business
    - General Planning
    - Setting the Operational Foundation
    - Service Offerings and Pricing
    - Sales Strategies
    - Case Studies
  • Expanding and Retaining a Client Base
    - Marketing Overview
    - External and Internal Business Generation
    - Retention and Customer Service

Psychology and Behavior Change in Exercise Programming

  • Effects of Exercise on the Brain
    - Biological
    - Psychological
  • Behavioral Principles
    - Factors Influencing Exercise Participation
    - Client Communication
    - Behavioral Change Models
  • Case Studies
    - Real-World Application of Behavior Change Theory

Fitness Classes and Fads

  • Semi-Private and Small Group Training
    - Benefits
    - Drawbacks and Risks
    - Skillsets
    - Programming Considerations
  • Popular Group Fitness Formats
  • Methods of Instruction

Special Populations

  • Pre/Post Natal
    - Changes During Pregnancy
    - ACOG Guidelines
    - Program Considerations and Exercise Modifications
  • Youth
    - Pre-Adolescence Changes and Concerns
    - Risks and Myths
    - Program Considerations
  • Older Adults
    - Changes that Occur with Age
    - Programming for Older Adults
  • Benefits of Exercise for Special Populations

Chronic Diseases and Exercise

  • Application of Biomechanics to Anatomy
    - Neurological Disorders
    - Multiple Sclerosis
    - Parkinson’s Disease
    - Stroke
  • Cardiovascular Disease
    - Heart Disease Risk Factors
    - Medications and Effects on Exercise
    - Congestive Heart Failure
    - Hypertension
  • Pulmonary Disease
    - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
    - Restrictive Lung Disease
  • Metabolic Disorders
    - Diabetes Type I and Type II
    - Metabolic Syndrome
  • Autoimmune Diseases
    - Rheumatoid Arthritis
    - Fibromyalgia
  • Exercise Assessment, Prescription and Considerations for Chronic Diseases

Research in Exercise Science

  • Hierarchy of Knowledge and Research
  • How to Read Exercise Science Research
  • Pitfalls of Research
  • Recent Research Review
    - Review of Studies
    - Analysis of Methods, Procedures and Design

Advanced Anatomy and Injuries

  • Defining Scope of Practice
  • Medical Communication
  • Post-Rehab Essentials
  • Obtaining Post-Rehab Clientele
  • Musculoskeletal Screening
  • Spine
    - ­Spinal Anatomy and Biomechanics
  • Lower Body
    - ­Hip, Knee and Ankle Anatomy and Biomechanics
  • Upper Body
    - ­Shoulder, Elbow and Wrist Anatomy and Biomechanics
  • Upper and Lower Body Injuries and Program Considerations
  • Conditions, Injury Mechanisms, Indications and Contraindications
  • Case Studies

Advanced Mobility Training

  • Flexibility
    - Flexibility vs Mobility
  • Types of Stretching
    - Active
    - Passive
    - Static
    - Dynamic
    - PNF
    - Ballistic
  • Implementation of Stretching
  • Components of Mobility
  • ROM Assessments
    - Clinical
    - Functional
  • Self-Myofascial Release
    - Definitions
    - Tools for SMR
    - Implementation of SMR

Advanced Training Methods and Modalities

  • Kettlebells
  • Plyometrics
  • Speed, Agility and Quickness (SAQ)
  • Resistance Bands, Chains and Cables
  • Bodybuilding and Physique Training
  • Boxing and Kickboxing
  • Strength Training: Advanced Analysis and Coaching
  • Olympic Weightlifting
  • Programming for Advanced Training Methods and Modalities
    - Advanced Training Methods Foundational Exercises, Techniques and Coaching Cues
    - Complexes and Finishers

CPR Training and Certification

  • AED Training
  • Hands-on Lifesaving CPR Training
  • CPR Certification

Personal Trainer Certification Exam Preparation

  • ACE, NASM, NSCA and ACSM Exam Content Review and Exam Preparation

INTERNSHIP (100 hours)

Focus Personal Training Institute has partnered with over 60 fitness clubs and private training studios to offer our students the opportunity to gain real-world experience and hands-on learning. Over the course of 100 hours, students will have the opportunity to observe or assist with client consultations, conduct fitness assessments, implement exercise or post rehabilitation exercise programs and assist in the daily operations of a gym or private training studio.

Entry Prerequisites

To enter this course, you must meet the requirements listed on our admissions page.

Primary Textbooks

  • NASM Essentials of Exercise Science by the National Academy of Sports Medicine, Current Edition.
  • ACE’s Guide to Exercise Testing and Program Design: A Fitness Professional’s Handbook by the American Council on Exercise, Current Edition.